Receiver Arial Refueling (RAR) is a unique flight skill only performed by a select portion of military pilots and aircraft worldwide. It is a critical and hazardous task involving extreme precision for the pilots and boom operators to perform. Flight training for this task can involve expensive aircraft operating time and fuel consumption. Extensive savings can be gained by moving refueling flight training into simulators. In doing so, it will reduce delays on preflight preparations, in-flight first exposure delays, and the required number of in-flight qualification and sustainment refueling sessions.
RAR Boom Operator Trainers
AVT is involved in all aspects of making virtual air-to-air refueling realistic, effective, and acceptable for training pilots and boom operators. AVT participated in the development of the prototype visual systems for the AETC BOWST and the ANG BOSS KC-135 boom operator trainers. Refinements were made to all categories of the visual system including database development, displays, and image generators (IG).
Highly detailed aircraft and their refueling components are modeled to provide up-close detail needed for precision alignment, closure rate perception, and the ability to fly within the refueling envelope during fuel flow without incident in all types of weather and during day/dusk and night.
Realistic Head-tracked images, compactly displayed on-screen, were developed by AVT Simulation for the BOSS prototype. This provided proper image parallax cues with head movement on the compact screens.
Images must be rendered with low latency to avoid pilot or boom operator-induced oscillations. Multiple dynamic shadows on the receiver aircraft provide important cues for making final contact. Moving shadows are produced by the tanker boom blocking light from the sun or from tanker floodlights at night.